Hyperpigmentation Treatment Options
Hyperpigmentation happens when there is too much melanin produced in certain areas of skin. It causes darkened and flat patches on the skin that can be anything from light brown to black in tone and vary in shape and size. Although it can be distressing as it appears on your hands, face and other visible parts of the body that are difficult to hide, the good news is that there are variety of different ways it can be treated. In the following post we are going to discuss a four of these treatments.
Microdermabrasion may be the best choice if you have minimal darkness on your skin. This treatment involves the very top layer of skin being removed carefully and gently to eliminate darkness, sunspots and other forms of minimal, superficial discoloration. You can even get types of microdermabrasion that involves a secondary step to the above where special anti-pigment ingredients are used and infused with the skin to help brighten it even more.
Chemical peel is a form of skin discoloration treatment that is ideal if you have spots that are more stubborn than the above. TCA, glycolic acid and salicylic acid are the three most common types used. This method is thought to be a bit quicker at removing more deeply ingrained pigmentation and produce better results. It can also be tailored to suit the depth and type of pigmentation better. It is worth noting though that not all skin colors are suitable for chemical peels. If you have a history of suffering from scarring, for instance, it may be best to consider an alternative treatment.
IPL or Intense Pulsed Light
One of the most popular options for treating skin discoloration caused directly by exposure to the sun is Intense Pulsed Light. This treatment, as the name suggests, involves the use of light-based energy that is pulsed directly onto the skin while targeting blood vessels. The light used in the treatment finds the discoloration and lifts it up and out of the skin. When successful, the treated areas of skin darken and then flake away a few days later.
Fractional Laser Resurfacing
Fractional laser resurfacing is, by far, the most intense skin discoloration treatment available. This is normally used when other options have not been successful or if your hyperpigmentation is particularly serious. Some of the lasers used include Clear + Brilliant, Halo and Fraxel are used to create controlled and very safe microinjuries to the skin to help it stimulate the natural healing process. This healing process causes the discolored skin to dissipate as the fresh and new skin comes to the surface.
It should also be noted that although the above options are highly effective, if you wish to avoid these kinds of treatments, there are at-home methods that can be helpful for lessening the effects of discoloration.
We hope you have found the following post informative and helpful. If you wish to find out more about skin discoloration and the various methods available for treating it, check out My Lighter Skin.